This story is being up to date all through the shutdown. Updated Jan. 7.
If it continues by way of Saturday, the partial shutdown of the federal authorities can have lasted three full weeks, making it the longest such shutdown on file.
While some important work, comparable to mail supply and regulation enforcement, remains to be being carried out, the shutdown has affected operations at 9 departments, together with Homeland Security, Justice, State and Treasury, and a number of companies, together with the Environmental Protection Agency and NASA.
Much work has floor to a halt and about 800,000 authorities employees reside with out pay. Slightly greater than half are nonetheless working, whereas the relaxation have been furloughed. Those who work will almost certainly be compensated later, however the employees who had been despatched residence don’t have any such expectation.
[Analysis: President Trump’s insistence on a border wall is boxing him in.]
Here’s a short take a look at a few of the authorities features which were affected by the shutdown, and some that haven’t.
Since the shutdown started, Transportation Security Administration employees, lots of them liable for screening passengers and baggage, have been calling out sick in increased numbers at airports across the country.
Last week, a federal official who spoke to The Times on the condition of anonymity said that the call-outs seemed to be a coordinated protest, but union officials said that many workers were most likely just looking for work elsewhere to cover for missed wages. A T.S.A. spokesman downplayed the disruption.
[Government workers feel like “pawns” in a political chess game.]
Parks and museums
Many national parks are closed to visitors. And while some remain open with limited staffing or are open thanks to help from states, the National Park Service has warned that “access may change without notice.”
Joshua Tree National Park, for example, remained open after the shutdown, but closed last week because officials could not clean bathrooms fast enough and visitors were damaging the park.
Limited staffing has also raised concerns about visitor safety. In Yosemite National Park, a man died on Christmas Day after falling into a river, but his death went unreported for days because of shutdown-related delays, according to Outside Magazine.
Museums have been affected, too. The National Gallery of Art, all 19 Smithsonian museums, and the National Zoo were closed last week because of the shutdown. (“Essential personnel” remain on hand at the zoo to care for the animals.)
[Read more on how parks and museums are affected by the shutdown.]
Science and research
The scientific community has been affected, too. Some government labs are empty, with scientists having been sent home. Research, some of it time sensitive, has been disrupted. And the flow of grant money may be interrupted, too.
Some agencies, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health, are largely or entirely unaffected. But others, such as the Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which includes the National Weather Service, have sent many workers home.
[Read more about the shutdown’s toll on science and research.]
Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid and Veterans Affairs
Fear not, older Americans: The Social Security checks are still coming. (And the Postal Service will still deliver them.)
That’s because the Social Security Administration received funding for the 2019 fiscal year back in September, according to Mark Hinkle, an agency spokesman.
“Social Security services and offices will remain fully operational, and Social Security benefits will be paid on time,” he said in an emailed statement.
[Fact Check: President Trump has told a number of falsehoods about the shutdown.]
Law enforcement and the judiciary
Tens of thousands of law enforcement personnel are among those working without pay.
That includes workers at the F.B.I., the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Bureau of Prisons, Customs and Border Protection, the Coast Guard, the Secret Service, and more.
But the shutdown has nonetheless affected the criminal justice system. Federal court proceedings have slowed as government lawyers ask for delays and federal district courts remain open though their ongoing funding remains in doubt.
Already backlogged, most immigration courts are closed because of the shutdown, leading to long delays in deportations.
“That is the irony of this shutdown,” Judge Amiena Khan, the executive vice president of the National Association of Immigration Judges, the judges’ union, told The Times. “The impact is most acutely felt in immigration courts and proceedings where cases will not be going forward.”
[How the shutdown could turn a day in court into a four-year wait.]
The shutdown has had mixed effects on government investigations.
F.B.I. investigations will continue, according to the Justice Department’s shutdown plan, because “all operations of the F.B.I. are directed toward national security and investigations of violations of law involving protection of life and property.”
The office of the special counsel, Robert S. Mueller III, will also continue its investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election because it does not rely on congressional action for funding.
At the Securities and Exchange Commission, though, all but 6 percent of the agency’s approximately 4,400 employees have been sent home, according to a contingency plan. That limited staff will handle emergency enforcement, but much investigative work is not being done.
The Internal Revenue Service
When the shutdown began, most I.R.S. operations stopped, with just about 12 percent of the agency’s nearly 80,000 employees still working, according to a contingency plan.
That plan, which covered the end of last year, did not make clear what the I.R.S. would do in 2019. The agency may bring in more workers to prepare for tax season, but it generally does not answer questions or pay tax refunds during a shutdown, The Wall Street Journal reported last week.
With tax filing season about to begin, it will no doubt face plenty of questions from taxpayers over the recent changes to tax law.
Food aid and inspections
The 40 million or so people who receive food stamps will still receive the benefit for January, according to the Agriculture Department, which administers the program. Other programs focused on child nutrition, including school lunch and breakfast programs, will also continue operating into February, the department said.
Food assistance programs for women, children and infants and for people on Native American reservations can continue to operate at the state and local level, depending on what funding remains, but federal funding for those programs is suspended until the shutdown ends, the department said.
Inspections of meat, poultry, eggs, grain and other commodities will continue, too, it said.
[Here’s how the shutdown leaves food, medicine and pay in doubt for Native Americans.]
The Violence Against Women Act
The Violence Against Women Act, which funds programs for survivors of domestic violence, stalking and sexual assault, expired last month when the government shut down.
The Justice Department already awarded grants to those programs for the 2019 fiscal year, but its payment system was affected by the shutdown. As a result, requests for grant payments filed after Dec. 26 are on hold during the shutdown.
“Local programs have other sources of funds,” said Monica McLaughlin, the director of public policy at the National Network to End Domestic Violence. “But when they are in a situation where they’ve done the work that is federally funded and they aren’t able to reimburse for it, it certainly puts them in a financial bind.”
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