Shopping for flower bulbs: It’s one of many extra joyful summertime backyard chores, actually higher than dragging hoses and sprinklers round or preserving forward of essentially the most incorrigible weeds.
Bulb catalogs and their corresponding web sites haven’t any scarcity of engaging selections, and now’s the time to order spring-flowering bulbs for fall planting — or danger that some might be bought out. But gardeners undergo from an absence of inventive path in catalog pages that present product headshots of a single flower or a big group of the identical selection. That can result in uninspired planting, barely scratching the floor of the potential bulbs provide in garden-making.
Chanticleer Garden in Wayne, Pa., a former non-public property with 35 acres, open to guests since 1993, desires to indicate us in any other case. It calls itself “a pleasure garden,” and is thought for a inventive use of crops.
“We try to be informative and inspirational for home gardeners, so that the whole garden is a demonstration garden for our visitors,” mentioned R. William Thomas, Chanticleer’s govt director and head gardener.
That’s his task to the seven horticulturists on his crew, every of whom manages an space of the property: To create visible pleasure and artistry, whereas preserving in thoughts the educating potential — concepts guests can use on a spread of budgets and backyard sizes.
For occasion, how a $three.50 packet or two of lettuce or purple-leaf mustard seeds might develop a complete underplanting of seedlings to indicate off this 12 months’s tulips way more fantastically than naked soil or mulch. That’s one takeaway from Chanticleer’s distinguished Teacup Garden, within the courtyard the place guests enter the grounds.
At Chanticleer, there are some massed makes use of of a single bulb selection or two — the beneficiant waves of lavender-blue Camassia within the garden operating alongside a creek, for instance. But most bulb plantings are on a smaller scale that any gardener might take a cue from. Even bigger ones just like the Camassia, or Chanticleer’s no-mow fescue garden with Darwin tulips and daffodils interspersed all through, may very well be scaled right down to work in a yard or a small island inside a bigger piece of mowed turf.
Mr. Thomas — together with Lisa Roper, the horticulturist accountable for the Gravel Garden, and Eric Hsu, Chanticleer’s plant data coordinator — shared design inspiration and sensible ideas, in addition to some favourite varieties.
For a Backdrop, Try a Companion Plant
Choose a companion plant as a backdrop for bulbs, as a substitute of a canvas of brown mulch.
In the Gravel Garden, a delicate, south-facing slope the place plantings are in naturalistic sweeps fairly than formal beds, Ms. Roper has been resourceful in displaying off early blooming bulbs. “There isn’t much going on in March and April to pair bulbs with, so I am really scrambling,” she mentioned.
Some nonetheless putting outcomes embody the conifer-like needles of Sedum rupestre Angelina, which make a vivid yellow-orange pool beneath tiny, purple-and-blue Iris reticulata. Elsewhere, the sedum is effectively matched with grape hyacinth and early tulips.
In one other pairing — Orange Emperor tulips with Mexican hair grass (Nassella tenuissima, hardy to Zone 6, regardless of its frequent identify) — Ms. Roper leaves the grass in place by means of the winter fairly than cleansing it up within the fall, as a result of its texture and heat tones make a fantastic foil for the bulbs within the spring.
Another standby is the succulent-like Euphorbia myrsinites, with its blue-green foliage and acid-yellow early blooms, paired with Orange Emperor tulips, the arrestingly pale lavender-blue Muscari Valerie Finnis and a small Narcissus known as Hawera.
Elsewhere, a mattress of a sedge (Carex) is punctuated by the eight-inch-wide violet globes of Allium christophii; the 2 have been completely satisfied collectively for eight years.
Emerging hostas, and even peony foliage, Mr. Hsu mentioned, may also make good companions.
“People forget how peonies come up at first with reddish-green tones,” he mentioned. “When backlit, especially with tulips or alliums, it makes a very arresting combination.”
In his very public Philadelphia house backyard, a 14-foot-long, sidewalk-facing mattress, he makes use of different colourful foliage to set off bulbs, too, together with dark-colored Geranium maculatum Espresso and a gold lamb’s ear, Stachys byzantina Primrose Heron.
There is one bulb, at the least, that wants no outdoors help. Allium karataviense, the 10-inch-tall Turkestan onion, offers its personal backdrop: vast, gray-green foliage that handsomely units off its pale lilac, spherical flower. It has been rising properly within the Gravel Garden for years.
Use Late-Performing Perennials to Conceal Fading Foliage
Many gardeners need to minimize off bulbs’ foliage too quickly, but it surely serves a essential position, nourishing the bulb beneath for subsequent 12 months’s efficiency, so it needs to be allowed to photosynthesize till it fades in place.
“Think about summer and fall-blooming plants to plant around the bulbs,” mentioned Ms. Roper, who makes use of numerous asters to good impact. When bulbs share house with one thing that emerges or reveals off after the blooms are gone, the backyard will hold collectively with out so many holes. Summer-blooming butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) and purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) are amongst her standbys.
Or select bulbs with much less conspicuous foliage that doesn’t want hiding, Ms. Roper prompt: “Species tulips have much smaller leaves, so there is not much left after flowering, which is nice.” One she particularly likes is Tulipa whittallii, which has bronze-orange flowers feathered with delicate hints of lavender and inexperienced.
Ready to Transform Part of the Lawn Into a Bulb Bed?
Besides Chanticleer’s spectacular mass of Camassia within the garden beside the creek and its no-mow tulip-and-daffodil garden, the property has one other planting that pairs bulbs with grass: a spot on the far finish of the property appropriately known as the Bulb Meadow.
“The only flowers in it are bulbs,” Mr. Thomas mentioned.
But in contrast to the single-bulb Camassia show, this one has a number of: In spring, daffodils, tulips and bluebells (Hyacinthoides) showcase, and “then in mid-June, after their leaves die, we mow it,” he mentioned. In mid to late July, Lycoris, or resurrection lilies, come up for a few month, “and we try to mow it one more time after they fade, before it becomes pink with colchicums, the autumn crocus. In between, it looks like a mowed field, but that’s OK.”
Combine Bulbs That Flower Simultaneously
This makes for an arresting show, but it surely takes experimentation. Catalog language isn’t at all times useful about precisely when bulbs will bloom, as a result of predicting exact dates for prospects in numerous areas with totally different backyard circumstances is unimaginable.
Visit public gardens to get pairing concepts, mentioned Ms. Roper, who matches up Shogun tulip, grape hyacinth and Narcissus Minnow as one concurrent trio.
Or discover on-line: Many public gardens, together with Chanticleer, have photographic archives of what’s in bloom from week to week, which may provide concepts.
A caveat, from Mr. Hsu: Even if bulbs bloom collectively the primary 12 months, some pre-mixed mixtures in catalogs could not repeat 12 months after 12 months in your circumstances. “Why people fail with tulip and daffodil mixes,” he mentioned, “is that one wants a hot, dry summer and the other, not as much. In schemes with both, we sometimes find the tulips peter out and the daffodils go on.”
Consider the Color White
In catalogs, it’s usually the wealthy, deep colours that catch the attention first. But at Chanticleer, subtler points of coloration play go into making plant pairings: The yellow throat of a sure tulip, for occasion, will decide up on the foliage of the perennial beneath it.
Mr. Hsu put in a phrase for one other palette: white.
“I don’t get to enjoy my garden during the day,” he mentioned. “And in the evening, when I get home, the white is tranquil. I love bold, hot colors, but they don’t show as well as restful white then.”
A succession of white bulbs, layered into his “perennial-packed” raised mattress, likewise sparkles on cloudy days when wealthy colours could not.
First come the snowdrops, Galanthus nivalis (the frequent snowdrop) and elwesii (the enormous), which he particularly recommends, “because the foliage is really beautiful, and the flowers more noticeable,” he mentioned. “Everything about it is very elegant.”
Next is white glory-of-the-snow, Chionodoxa luciliae Alba, after which tulips take over (he recommends the variability Hakuun). The closing present: Allium White Giant, the tallest of white onions, at three toes or extra.
Can You Outsmart Animals?
Well, possibly. Some bulbs are naturally extra animal-resistant, however tulips, lilies and crocus are among the many most weak, one thing many gardeners study the laborious manner. Among the crocus, some gardeners discover that Crocus tommasinianus, the so-called tommies, are much less usually disturbed.
Narcissus is at all times on animal-resistant lists, together with Allium, Camassia and most Fritillaria. Hyacinths and foxtail lilies (Eremurus) are sometimes rated for deer-resistance.
Among smaller bulbs, contemplate snowdrops (Galanthus), snowflake (Leucojum), winter aconite (Eranthis), glory of the snow (Chionodoxa), Spanish bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica), Ornithogalum, Scilla, grape hyacinth (Muscari) and autumn crocus (Colchicum).
For rarer or dearer bulbs, Mr. Hsu mentioned, the employees creates boxlike underground cages from material for safety.
“I also sprinkle blood meal in the hole before backfilling, and on top after planting, to ward off chipmunks and squirrels,” mentioned Ms. Roper, who constructed a cage for some treasured saffron crocus.
“And plant deeper,” mentioned Mr. Hsu, who’s extra prone to encounter grey squirrels in his city setting. “I find that they are lazy diggers, and if I plant deeper, the bulbs are less likely to get eaten.”
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