The explosive footage, recorded by a bystander and shared broadly on social media early Tuesday, led to neighborhood outrage, an F.B.I. civil rights investigation and the firing and arrest of the officer, Derek Chauvin. The Minneapolis Police Department additionally fired three officers who had been with him on the scene.
On Friday, Mr. Chauvin, 44, was charged with third-degree homicide and second-degree manslaughter, fees that carry a mixed most 35-year sentence.
The different fired officers have been recognized as Thomas Lane, Tou Thao and J. Alexander Kueng.
After Mr. Chauvin’s arrest was introduced, Mr. Floyd’s relations in a press release referred to as the fees “a welcome but overdue step on the road to justice.”
But the household additionally mentioned the fees didn’t go far sufficient, in keeping with the assertion, which was launched by Ben Crump, a civil rights lawyer representing Mr. Floyd’s household.
“We expected a first-degree murder charge,” the assertion mentioned. “We want a first-degree murder charge. And we want to see the other officers arrested.”
“The pain that the black community feels over this murder and what it reflects about the treatment of black people in America is raw and is spilling out onto streets across America,” it added.
Mr. Floyd grew up in Houston and was a highschool sports activities star.
Mr. Floyd lived in St. Louis Park, a Minneapolis suburb. He was pronounced lifeless at 9:25 p.m. Monday at Hennepin County Medical Center, in keeping with the health worker.
The preliminary outcomes from an post-mortem discovered that Mr. Floyd didn’t seem to have died from strangulation or asphyxiation.
“Mr. Floyd had underlying health conditions, including coronary artery disease and hypertensive heart disease,” prosecutors mentioned in a legal grievance, which additionally listed “potential intoxicants.”
Mr. Floyd grew up in Houston, in a black neighborhood south of downtown often known as the Third Ward, and was raised in a home together with his siblings and two cousins, Shareeduh Tate and Tera Brown. Their moms had been sisters, Ms. Tate mentioned.
Mr. Floyd graduated from Yates High in 1993, the Houston college district confirmed on Wednesday.
Cyril N. White, 45, mentioned he knew Mr. Floyd once they had been each star highschool athletes taking part in basketball. Both acquired scholarships to play in faculty, with Mr. Floyd going to a neighborhood faculty in Florida, Mr. White mentioned.
After faculty, Mr. Floyd was one of the primary gamers recruited by Mr. White when he arrange a membership staff to play exhibition matches towards faculty groups round Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana, and later in China, though by that point Mr. Floyd had left the staff.
Mr. Floyd, often known as “Big Floyd” to his teammates, given his 6-foot-7-inch top and hefty construct, performed energy ahead. He by no means obtained right into a struggle or acquired a lot as a technical foul, Mr. White recalled.
“Gentle giant, gentle giant,” he mentioned. “He was a natural comedian, a life-of-the-party type guy, real easygoing.”
The membership staff, To God Be The Glory Sports, was not a church group, however members prayed collectively, and Mr. Floyd participated, Mr. White mentioned. Mr. Floyd left after two years, saying he wanted to work to take care of his new daughter.
Mr. White lamented how his good friend had died: “They dehumanized him and treated him like a piece of garbage that was expendable. That is the worst.”
He labored at a restaurant in Minneapolis and rented from the proprietor.
Ms. Tate mentioned her cousin moved to Minneapolis 4 or 5 years in the past, and Ms. Brown mentioned he talked in regards to the metropolis as a welcoming place.
“He was happy there. He had made friends and had talked about training to become a truck driver,” mentioned Ms. Brown, 48, an accounting supervisor. “He came home for his mother’s funeral two years ago, and he told me he had decided to stay.”
Jovanni Thunstrom, the proprietor of Conga Latin Bistro in Minneapolis, mentioned he employed Mr. Floyd as a bouncer on the restaurant, and was additionally his landlord.
“No one had nothing bad to say about him,” Mr. Thunstrom mentioned. “They all are shocked he’s dead. He never caused a fight or was rude to people.”
Mr. Thunstrom mentioned Mr. Floyd paid his lease final week and informed him that he was searching for a brand new job as a result of Conga Latin Bistro has been closed to on-site eating since March as a result of of the coronavirus.
Maya Santamaria, who offered the membership in January, mentioned she doubted that the 2 males interacted.
The authentic police report mentioned Mr. Floyd had resisted arrest.
The arrest of Mr. Floyd came about on Monday night. The Minneapolis Police Department mentioned in a press release that officers had responded to a name a few man suspected of forgery. The police mentioned the person was discovered sitting on high of a blue automotive and “appeared to be under the influence.”
“He was ordered to step from his car,” the division’s assertion mentioned. “After he got out, he physically resisted officers. Officers were able to get the suspect into handcuffs and noted he appeared to be suffering medical distress.”
The assertion mentioned that officers had referred to as for an ambulance.
On Tuesday morning, with out referring to the video recorded by a bystander, the police updated a statement, titled “Man Dies After Medical Incident During Police Interaction,” saying that additional information had “been made available” and that the F.B.I. was joining the investigation.
“You are talking fine.” The charging documents give a detailed account of Mr. Floyd’s final moments.
Mr. Floyd’s fatal encounter with the police began just before 8 p.m. on Monday, when he entered Cup Foods, a community store run by four brothers. A store clerk claimed that Mr. Floyd paid for cigarettes with a counterfeit $20 bill. The police got a call from the store at 8:01 p.m.
Officers found Mr. Floyd outside the store in a parked blue car with two passengers, according to charging documents.
Soon, additional police units arrived and the officers tried to get Mr. Floyd into a police vehicle.
“Mr. Floyd did not voluntarily get in the car and struggled with the officers, intentionally falling down, saying he was not going in the car, and refusing to stand still,” according to the charging documents.
Mr. Floyd began saying repeatedly that he could not breathe.
Mr. Chauvin tried to place him in the police car with Mr. Kueng’s help.
At 8:19 p.m., Mr. Chauvin pulled Mr. Floyd out of the passenger side of the squad car. Mr. Floyd hit the ground, face down, handcuffs still on. Mr. Kueng held Mr. Floyd’s back while Mr. Lane held his legs.
Mr. Chauvin lodged his left knee in “the area of Mr. Floyd’s head and neck,” the documents said, and Mr. Floyd continued to protest: “I can’t breathe,” he said repeatedly.
He called out, “Mama.” He said, “Please.”
One of the officers dismissed his pleas.
“You are talking fine,” one officer said, according to the charging documents.
At least one officer was worried: Mr. Lane asked if the officers should roll Mr. Floyd over on his side.
“No, staying put where we got him,” Mr. Chauvin replied.
“I am worried about excited delirium or whatever,” Mr. Lane said.
“That’s why we have him on his stomach,” Mr. Chauvin responded.
At 8:24 p.m., Mr. Floyd stopped moving.
For two minutes and 53 seconds after Mr. Floyd had stopped protesting and became unresponsive, Mr. Chauvin continued to kneel.
The officer kept his knee on Mr. Floyd’s neck for a total of eight minutes and 46 seconds.
The report noted that officers are trained to know that restraining individuals the way Mr. Chauvin restrained Mr. Floyd is “inherently dangerous.”
The video shows the aftermath of the arrest.
Bystanders plead and curse, begging the officer to stop. An ambulance medic arrives and, reaching under the officer’s knee, feels for a pulse on the man’s neck.
The medic turns away, and a stretcher is wheeled over. Mr. Floyd is rolled onto the stretcher, loaded into an ambulance and taken away.
The video did not show what had happened before he was pinned to the ground by his neck.
Jacob Frey, the Minneapolis mayor, said on Tuesday that he did not know how the initial police statement, describing a “medical incident,” had come to be written, but he said he wanted to be “absolutely as transparent as possible.”
“It’s the kind of thing where you don’t hide from the truth, you lean into it, because our city is going to be better off for it, no matter how ugly, awful it is,” he said. “If it points out the institutional racism that we are still working through right now, well, good — it means that we’ve got a lot of work to go.”
The F.B.I. is investigating.
On Tuesday afternoon, Mr. Frey tweeted that the four officers involved in the case had been terminated. “This is the right call,” he said.
The Police Department’s statement said that no weapons had been used and that the officers’ body cameras were recording.
Mr. Frey said he had asked the F.B.I. to investigate, and in a statement posted on social media said, “Being black in America should not be a death sentence.”
The F.B.I. is conducting a federal civil rights investigation, the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension said in a statement.
The Police Officers Federation of Minneapolis has not responded to requests for comment, but the head of the union has said in a statement to the local news media that people should not rush to judgment while the investigation continues.
“Our officers are fully cooperating,” the union head, Lt. Bob Kroll, said. “We must review all video. We must wait for the medical examiner’s report.”
Thomas M. Kelly, a lawyer representing Mr. Chauvin in the investigation, could not immediately be reached for comment following Mr. Chauvin’s arrest.
Mr. Floyd’s relatives recall hearing the news.
In Houston, friends and relatives gathered on Tuesday to remember Mr. Floyd in Emancipation Park, a site that was originally purchased by former slaves in the late 1800s. The Third Ward, where he grew up, has been a hub of social activism in Houston for decades.
Ms. Tate said she saw the video on Tuesday morning but did not realize the man in the street in Minneapolis was the cousin she grew up with.
“I remember thinking how horrible this was, that a family’s loved one was murdered in the streets,” said Ms. Tate, 49, a registered nurse. “Maybe five minutes later I got the call confirming my cousin was on that video.”
“I went back and looked,” she said. “The first time, it didn’t have audio. The second time, the audio was on. I heard the first, ‘I can’t breathe,’ and I knew it was him.”
Police used tear gas and other means to break up protests in Minneapolis.
Since the release of the video, hundreds of demonstrators have poured into the Minneapolis streets every night to protest Mr. Floyd’s death.
Officers have used tear gas and fired rubber bullets into the crowds.
Images on television and social media have captured businesses being lit on fire and people carrying goods out of a store that had been vandalized. Some demonstrators have gathered at the house of Mr. Chauvin and the house of the local prosecutor, according to The Star Tribune.
State officials said that a series of errors and misjudgments — including the Minneapolis police abandoning a precinct on Thursday that protesters overtook and burned — had allowed demonstrators to create what Gov. Tim Walz called “absolute chaos.”
On Friday, demonstrators returned to the street for a fourth consecutive night in violation of a curfew imposed by Mr. Walz, who activated the National Guard to help the police patrol the streets. On Friday, protesters again overwhelmed law enforcement.
Minnesota’s top officials acknowledged on Saturday morning that they underestimated the destruction that protesters in Minneapolis were capable of inflicting. The curfew did little to stop people from burning buildings and turning the city’s streets into a smoky battleground.
Protests have spread across the country to Los Angeles, New York, Boston and Louisville, Ky., where demonstrators have protested the March shooting by the police of Breonna Taylor, a young black woman who worked as an emergency medical technician. That shooting is also under federal investigation.
Jamar B. Nelson, 41, a longtime Minneapolis community activist, said he and others had been calling for calm after the clashes.
Mr. Nelson described the relationship between the police and the city’s black community as fractured.
“The truth is, we do not have a good history,” he said, describing the Police Department as “racist, bigoted and uncaring about the black community.” But he said the current police chief, Medaria Arradondo, had been trying to repair the relationship.
“Him firing the four officers expeditiously is a big deal,” Mr. Nelson said.
The case has drawn condemnation and comparisons to the death of Eric Garner.
As the video spread on social media, the arrest quickly drew comparisons to the case of Eric Garner, a black man who died in New York police custody in 2014 after an officer held him in a chokehold. Mr. Garner’s repeated plea of “I can’t breathe” — also recorded by a cellphone — became a rallying cry at demonstrations against police misconduct around the country.
Similar high-profile cases have generated large protests and given rise to a national debate over police conduct toward black people, as happened in 2016 after an African-American man, Philando Castile, was shot dead by a police officer during a traffic stop in a suburb of St. Paul, Minn. The officer, Jeronimo Yanez, was later acquitted of second-degree manslaughter and of endangering safety by discharging a firearm in the shooting. Mr. Kelly, Mr. Chauvin’s lawyer, represented Officer Yanez in that case.
Former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, has condemned the force used by the officers in Minneapolis.
“George Floyd deserved better and his family deserves justice,” Mr. Biden tweeted on Tuesday night. “His life mattered.”
“The pain is too intense for one community to bear alone,” Mr. Biden said.
President Trump has called Mr. Floyd’s death “a very very sad event,” and later tweeted that he has asked for the F.B.I. investigation to be expedited, adding, “My heart goes out to George’s family and friends. Justice will be served!”
Early on Friday, Mr. Trump suggested on Twitter that protesters could be shot.
“These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won’t let that happen,” Mr. Trump said. “Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!”
On Friday, Mr. Walz said President Trump’s tweet was “just not helpful.”
“In the moment where we’re at, in a moment that is so volatile, anything we do to add fuel to that fire is really, really challenging,” he told reporters.
Reporting was contributed by Maria Cramer, Christine Hauser, Derrick Bryson Taylor, Neil Vigdor, Audra D.S. Burch, John Eligon, Neil MacFarquhar and Manny Fernandez.
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