Penny Marshall, ‘Laverne & Shirley’ Star and Movie Director, Dies at 75

Penny Marshall, the nasal-voiced co-star of the slapstick sitcom “Laverne & Shirley” and later the chronically self-deprecating director of hit movies like “Big” and “A League of Their Own,” died on Monday at her dwelling in Los Angeles. She was 75.

Her publicist, Michelle Bega, stated the trigger was problems of diabetes. Ms. Marshall had lately been handled for lung most cancers, found in 2009, and a mind tumor. She introduced in 2013 that the most cancers was in remission.

Ms. Marshall turned the primary lady to direct a function movie that grossed greater than $100 million when she made “Big” (1988). That film, a comedy a couple of 12-year-old boy who magically turns into an grownup (Tom Hanks) and then has to navigate the grown-up world, was as common with critics because it was with audiences.

[An appraisal of Penny Marshall as Laverne.]

The Washington Post said it had “the zip and exuberance of a classic romantic comedy.” The Los Angeles Times described it as “a refreshingly grown-up comedy” directed “with verve and impeccable judgment.” Mr. Hanks obtained his first Oscar nomination for his efficiency.

Four years later she repeated her box-office success with “A League of Their Own,” a sentimentally spunky comedy a couple of wartime ladies’s baseball league with an ensemble solid that included Madonna, Geena Davis, Rosie O’Donnell and Mr. Hanks.

In between, she directed “Awakenings” (1990), a medical drama starring Robert De Niro as a affected person popping out of an encephalitic trance and Robin Williams because the neurologist who helps him. “Awakenings,” primarily based on a e book by Oliver Sacks, was solely reasonably profitable financially, however Mr. De Niro obtained an Academy Award nomination.

A author for Cosmopolitan journal as soon as commented that Ms. Marshall “got into directing the ‘easy’ way — by becoming a television superstar first.” That was a reference to her seven seasons (1976-83) as Laverne DeFazio, the brasher (but presumably extra susceptible) of two younger roommates, brewery assembly-line employees, on the hit ABC comedy sequence “Laverne & Shirley,” set in 1950s and ’60s Milwaukee.

In Hollywood Ms. Marshall had a repute for instinctive directing, which may imply infinite retakes. But she was additionally recognized for treating filmmaking as a group effort slightly than a dictatorship.

That might or might not have been a operate of her self-effacing character, which colleagues and interviewers usually commented on. But in 1992 Ms. Marshall confessed to The New York Times Magazine that she wasn’t utterly guileless.

“I have my own way of functioning,” she stated. “My character is, I whine. It’s how I really feel inside. I assume it’s how I exploit being feminine, too. I contact rather a lot to get my method and say, ‘Pleeease, do it over right here.’ So it may be a bonus — the anti-director.”

That angle was additionally a necessary side of her humor. When Vanity Fair asked her to determine her best remorse, she stated, “That when I was a size 0, there was no size 0.”

Carole Penny Marshall was born on Oct. 15, 1943, within the Bronx and grew up there, at the northern finish of the Grand Concourse. Her father, Anthony, was an industrial filmmaker, and her mom, Marjorie (Ward) Marshall, taught dance. The household title had been modified from Masciarelli.

After she graduated from Walton High School, within the Kingsbridge part of the Bronx, Ms. Marshall attended the University of New Mexico. There she met and married Michael Henry, a university soccer participant. They had a daughter, however the marriage lasted solely two years, and Ms. Marshall headed for California, the place her older brother, Garry, had turn into a profitable comedy author.

She made her movie debut in “The Savage Seven,” a 1968 biker-gang drama, and had a small half the identical 12 months in “How Sweet It Is!,” a romantic comedy starring Debbie Reynolds and James Garner.

Ms. Marshall continued appearing, principally taking part in visitor roles on tv sequence, till she received her large break in 1971, when she was solid within the recurring a part of Jack Klugman’s gloomy secretary, Myrna Turner, on the ABC sitcom “The Odd Couple.” Her brother, a producer of the present, received her the job, however nepotism had nothing to do with it when viewers fell in love along with her poker-faced humor and Bronx-accented whine.

That identical 12 months she married Rob Reiner, who was then a star of the hit sequence “All in the Family.” He adopted her daughter, however they divorced in 1981, when “Laverne & Shirley” and Ms. Marshall had been at the peak of their tv recognition.

That sequence grew out of a 1975 episode of “Happy Days,” through which Laverne (Ms. Marshall) and Shirley Feeney (Cindy Williams), two quick blue-collar ladies, turned up at the native hangout as blind dates for Richie Cunningham and Fonzie, the 2 lead characters.

When “Laverne & Shirley” resulted in 1983, after appreciable on-set battle between the co-stars and a last season with out Ms. Williams, it was the primary time in 12 years that Ms. Marshall had not had at least a comparatively regular job on a tv sequence.

She started making a handful of movies and tv appearances. Then Whoopi Goldberg, a good friend, requested her to take over for a director she wasn’t getting together with on “Jumpin’ Jack Flash” (1986), a comic book spy caper. (Ms. Marshall had directed a couple of episodes of “Laverne & Shirley.”) The film was removed from an unqualified success, but it surely led to “Big.”

Ms. Marshall’s two movies after “A League of Their Own” weren’t as effectively obtained. “Renaissance Man” (1994), starring Danny DeVito as an adman turned trainer of Army recruits, was savaged by critics and earned solely about $24 million, significantly lower than it value to make, within the United States (in distinction, “Big” earned nearly $115 million). “The Preacher’s Wife” (1996), a remake of the heartwarming 1947 fantasy romance “The Bishop’s Wife,” starred Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston. Critics discovered it likable however weak, and it introduced in just below $50 million domestically.

Ms. Marshall didn’t direct once more till 2001. “Riding in Cars With Boys,” a saga of teenage motherhood starring Drew Barrymore, earned principally constructive opinions however was a box-office disappointment. It was the final movie Ms. Marshall directed. Her farewell to tv course was a 2011 episode of the multiple-personalities sequence “United States of Tara.”

She devoted a while to producing, notably with the 2005 film impressed by the basic sitcom “Bewitched,” and took on the occasional appearing job, together with a 2012 visitor spot on the sequence “Portlandia” and voice-over narration within the movie “Mother’s Day” (2016), directed by Garry Marshall, who died in 2016.

In 2012 she printed a best-selling memoir, “My Mother Was Nuts,” which started in her characteristically self-effacing method:

“I’m not someone who’s had to deal with much personal drama outside of the usual: growing up with parents who hated each other, two marriages and divorces, the ups and downs of various relationships, raising a daughter and watching friends crack up and overdose. There was the cancer thing, too. As you can see, though, there’s nothing out of the ordinary, nothing that most people don’t go through, nothing that says, ‘Penny, you were lucky to get through that one.’ ”

Her last display look was on the brand new model of “The Odd Couple,” in a November 2016 episode that was a tribute to her brother, and featured cameos by stars from his many hit sequence.

Ms. Marshall, who lived within the Hollywood Hills part of Los Angeles, is survived by her older sister, Ronny; a daughter, the actress Tracy Reiner; and three grandchildren.

Critics typically accused Ms. Marshall of being overly sentimental, however she by no means apologized for that facet of her work.

“I like something that tells a story or that tells me something I didn’t know,” she informed The San Diego Union-Tribune in 1992 when requested about her style in movies. “It should have humor in it — or it should have heart.”

“And if it doesn’t,” she added, with what the reporter described as a sly grin, “I’ll make it have heart.”

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