The annual Robert Wood Johnson and University of Wisconsin County Health Rankings are out and it’s not excellent news — again — for Cattaraugus County.
For the fourth consecutive 12 months, Cattaraugus County ranked 60 out of 62 New York counties in health outcomes
“The rankings show we are one of the unhealthiest counties in New York,” stated Cattaraugus County’s public health director, Dr. Kevin Watkins, though he famous, “Some of the information they use is three to four years old, and some goes as far back as 2011.”
The county’s health elements ranking was 61. Health elements embody wholesome habits, medical care, social and financial elements and bodily atmosphere.
For comparability, Allegany County was ranked 40th for health outcomes and 49th for health elements. Chautauqua County was proper forward of Cattaraugus County with a 59 rating and 55 for health elements.
The report discovered 5 Western New York counties — Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Niagara and Orleans — are among the many lowest-ranking counties within the state.
The lowest rating county was the Bronx in New York City. The highest rating counties have been Rockland, Nassau and Westchester, that are among the many wealthiest counties within the state.
The health outcomes portion of the report offers with size of life and high quality of life.
Last 12 months in Cattaraugus County, untimely deaths — the quantity of years an individual dies earlier than age 75 — totaled 7,400 years. The state common of untimely deaths is 5,400 years.
Allegany County ranked 33rd within the state for size of life with 6,600 years of untimely deaths (earlier than age 75).
“We continue to rank 60 out of 62, one of the unhealthiest counties in New York,” Watkins stated. “That’s not good and that’s not where we want to be. I thought at one point we were doing better.”
Earlier within the decade, the county’s rating was 54th in 2011, 50th in 2012, 52nd in 2013, 52nd in 2014 and 53rd in 2015. It has ranked 60th within the years 2016 by way of 2019.
“We are dying too early in Cattaraugus County,” Watkins stated. “What is causing these early deaths?”
The greatest purpose is life-style — the categories of life that lead to coronary heart assaults and strokes, and 4 widespread cancers, lung, colorectal, breast and prostate most cancers.
Lung most cancers deaths, typically tied to smoking or, on this space, publicity to radon, will be prevented by schooling. Educating individuals to not smoke or to stop smoking and eradicating radon from properties that take a look at constructive for radon are methods to scale back these dangers.
“We are going to have to continue to push education to help reduce smoking and radon associated cancer deaths,” Watkins stated, stating that an estimated 23 % of adults in Cattaraugus County are people who smoke. The state common is 14 %.
Watkins acknowledges that Native American retail tobacco shops on Seneca territories contribute to the excessive proportion of grownup people who smoke within the county. They are capable of promote cigarettes for $2 a pack or much less, when state taxes on tobacco merchandise offered off the territories promote for 4 or 5 occasions that quantity.
Watkins stated the state imposed the excessive taxes to discourage smoking, which seems to be working elsewhere within the state.
A disturbing new development is the rise within the use of e cigarettes or vaping by youngsters, Watkins stated. In Cattaraugus County, you have to be 21 to buy tobacco merchandise or e-cigarettes.
Watkins notes the addictive nature of nicotine in e-cigarettes and vaping units can spur customers to smoking tobacco.
Add in different health elements like weight problems, bodily inactivity, lack of train alternatives and extreme ingesting and also you’ve bought a recipe for coronary heart illness, one of the county’s main killers.
A whopping 37 % of the county’s grownup inhabitants are overweight, the report states. The state common is 26 % of the grownup inhabitants.
A rural county, Cattaraugus has a doctor-to-patient ratio of 1 to 1,990, as in comparison with the state common of 1 to 1,200. For dentists within the county the ratio is 1 to 2,210, almost 1,000 under the state common. The ratio for psychological health suppliers is 1 to 900 as in comparison with the sgate common of 1 to 370.
The county scarcity of physicians, dentists and psychological health professionals has an influence on residents, Watkins factors out. If you don’t have a major care doctor, “the emergency room is your doctor,” he stated. “Our clinical care is still lagging.”
Cattaraugus County has one other strike in opposition to it — healthwise — as a result of it’s a poor county relative to many different counties within the state.
Watkins stated the county Health Department has been responding to the health rankings by redoubling its efforts. He’s a bit involved that the efforts haven’t resulted within the county transferring up within the rankings. Due to the lag in accumulating the data and formularing the county health rankings, nevertheless, there’ll all the time be a lag in reporting.
“We have to put the word out there,” Watkins stated. “In a few years, we should start to see some improvement.” The rankings, he stated, “makes us aware of the amount of work that is still to be done.”
Watkins added, “It’s also time for the community to start to buy in to healthier lifestyles. We’ve made some small strides. … We’re working with municipalities on the walkable communities program to provide exercise opportunities and our Veggie Mobile to increase access to healthy eating at public housing sites.”
He added: “We will continue to try to improve the health of the community.” The Healthy Living Consortium consists of dozens of representatives from non-profit teams, authorities companies and others who meet usually to coordinate their efforts in selling more healthy residing.
There are pink flags all through the report in addition to smoking. They embody:
• Adult weight problems — 37 %.
• Sexually transmitted infections — 368.three.
• Children in poverty — 20 %.
The yellow flags embody:
• Access to bodily exercise.
• Preventable hospital stays — four,689 days.
• Flu vaccine — 46 %.
The annual County Ranking and Roadmap by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute is designed to current a snapshot of counties general health in states throughout the nation.
Some of the info they have a look at consists of issues that have an effect on the long run health of communities: highschool commencement charges, entry to wholesome meals, smoking, weight problems and teenage births.
To see a extra complete checklist of Cattaraugus County health rankings log on to countyhealthrankings.org. Click on the New York State map after which choose the county you wish to see.
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