A.I. Took a Test to Detect Lung Cancer. It Got an A.


Asked if synthetic intelligence would put radiologists out of enterprise, Dr. Topol stated, “Gosh, no!”

The concept is to assist docs, not exchange them.

“It will make their lives easier,” he stated. “Across the board, there’s a 30 percent rate of false negatives, things missed. It shouldn’t be hard to bring that number down.”

There are potential hazards, although. A radiologist who misreads a scan might hurt one affected person, however a flawed A.I. system in widespread use may injure many, Dr. Topol warned. Before they’re unleashed on the general public, he stated, the methods ought to be studied rigorously, with the outcomes printed in peer-reviewed journals, and examined in the true world to be sure they work as properly there as they did within the lab.

And even when they go these checks, they nonetheless have to be monitored to detect hacking or software program glitches, he stated.

Shravya Shetty, a software program engineer at Google and an creator of the examine, stated, “How do you present the results in a way that builds trust with radiologists?” The reply, she stated, might be to “show them what’s under the hood.”

Another difficulty is: If an A.I. system is accepted by the F.D.A., after which, as anticipated, retains altering with expertise and the processing of extra information, will its maker want to apply for approval once more? If so, how usually?

The lung-screening neural community just isn’t prepared for the clinic but.

“We are collaborating with institutions around the world to get a sense of how the technology can be implemented into clinical practice in a productive way,” Dr. Tse stated. “We don’t want to get ahead of ourselves.”



Source link Nytimes.com

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